Studio Legale Sant Andrea



Chivalry (Knights') of the Order.
Right to knighted by inheritance.

History tells us of the tradition of the transfer order of chivalry - the carriers of ideas of Christianity , personal strengths and virtues - for centuries not only the title but also the ideals of courage , valor , of patriotism , family honor and high moral principles, spiritual purity and virtue , invariably is the depth essence of knightly values ​​and morals. The decline of chivalry and the weakening of its political positions during the XIV century because of failures led to the loss of its original purpose as a social institution and preservation only in the form of orders, which are also , in turn , having lost their original meaning , which is characteristic of the first era of the Crusades , became secular attribute constituted rulers within the body of law relating to their personal advantage or the public domain, their own political interests , and zhaluemy uvenchivanie in his crown . Complained knighted as a reward for deeds to the glory of the nation and the ruling imperial dynasty , and as proof of loyalty to them , as well as recognition for outstanding personal and social achievements in various fields such as art , philanthropy , civil courage and Christian virtue . Prescribed in the Statutes of the orders of chivalry and was originally a fortified religious vow of rules of conduct for members of Orders - " commandments of nobility ," not only are one of the most important living traditions of the knight heritage, but to this day are universal moral and ethical frame of reference for the different cultures and religions : belief in God , loyalty to the Emperor, honesty , solidarity and readiness to come to the aid of his neighbor , protection of the weak and the infirm , the cult of honor , respect and loyalty to one's word , the renunciation of violence and lies , loyalty to the enemies , respect and worship of the woman , the protection of widows and orphans .

Even historical perepitii , leading at times to the dissolution of the Orders , or failed to diminish the value of chivalry firmly rooted in the consciousness of the common people , nor weaken the family pride and the memory of the nobility of their valiant ancestors had won unfading glory of its kind, and the state, for which they were awarded with prizes and marked signs of honor. Custom gifts knighted in recognition of special achievements displayed , set in the age-old tradition, still relevant today , along with the assignment of other top awards in every modern state. It should be noted , however, that such social institutions , making Heirloom legacy of the ruling royal birth, had the opportunity to maintain their status , relying not only historical, but also the legal basis . International law, in fact, recognize the legitimacy of claiming the throne in the absence of "debellatio", that is, the loss of sovereignty due to the renunciation of its mission , functions, and special preferential rights associated with the actual execution of the power, because as in any way for the monarch there is a right to enjoy certain signs of royal power and the performance of certain duties , no matter how it was stacked with authority . In particular , the sovereign and his successors reserve the monarchic titles belonging to the sovereign, as such, even in the event of the loss of their actual power in the territory of a particular state. This is all due to the fact that the supreme power is an integral part of the dynastic succession (even in the case of deprivation of "jus gladii" - the right to take obedience and obedience from his subjects ; "jus majestatis" - the right to pochetanie , worship and acceptance of honors, according to the project , and "jus imperii" - the right of the supreme state power ) .

Consequently , the monarch may be deprived of the throne, and even banished or expelled from the country, but it can never be deprived of their ancestral rights : in this case , a contender for the throne is endowed with all the rights of the supreme authority for the performance of which it changed the legal and institutional status is not obstacle , while his other powers for the period of deposition of suspended power . Among stored in the integrity and rights is "jus honorum" - the right to grant a title of nobility , and other honorary titles belonging to or inherited by orders of chivalry , which are part of the personal domain, so the dynastic family. In the case where the Knight Institute legitimized by international law , it is legal rewarding in some order or assignment of honor, equivalent rank of any other states.



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